The List of 170 identified hotspots across the states is released by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Check if you city is part these hotspots.
India recorded up to 11,933 confirmed cases by April 15, of which 1,344 have been cured and 392 have died. In the past 24 hours alone, 1,118 new cases have been recorded. In his address to the Nation on 14th April, Prime Minister Narendra Modi while extending the lockdown up to 3rd May, also discussed hotspots. It was conveyed that until 20th April, every town, every police station, every district, every state will be evaluated on how much the lockdown is being followed. The extent to which the region has protected itself from Coronavirus will be noted.
He also said that areas that will succeed in this litmus test, which will not be in the hot-spot category, and will have less likelihood to turn into a hot-spot; may be allowed to open up select necessary activities from 20th April. However, keep in mind, this permission will be conditional, and the rules for going out will be very strict. Permission will be withdrawn immediately if lockdown rules are broken, and the spread of Coronavirus risked.
Followed by the address the Ministry of Home Affairs also issued guidelines to be followed for functioning of essential services and businesses. The PM during is address further asked people to be very vigilant about hot-spots and keep a close and strict watch on the places which run the risk of becoming hot-spots. The creation of new hot-spots will further challenge the hard work and penance. Let’s discuss Hot Spots!
How is an area declared Covid-19 HotSpot?
The main criteria for selecting hotspot districts is the number of cases being reported or where the rate of growth of cases is more i.e. that doubling rate of cases is less.
Based on the criteria, every district of the country has been divided into:
- Hotspot districts – 170 Districts
- Non-Hotspot districts with reported cases – 207 Districts, and
- Green zone districts – Rest
The hotspot districts have been divided into 123 districts seeing large outbreaks (of more than 15 cases each) and 47 with fewer than 15 cases each.
Shri Luv Agarwal, Joint Secretary, Union Health Ministry, informed that besides the hotspots identified by the Centre, states who are fighting the battle at field level may declare additional districts as coronavirus hotspot districts and take required action accordingly. A district currently in hotspot can move to the green category if no new cases arise in 28 days, the MoHFW has stated.
What is a containment zone or area?
According to a press release by the health ministry, a specific geographical area where positive cases of coronavirus are found is referred to as a containment zone. These zones are created to map the local transmission of the disease and prevent the contagion from spreading. They are identified by the Rapid Response Team (RRT) based on the extent of cases listed and mapped by them. Strict movement restrictions are put in place in such areas to prevent further spread of the virus.
What is the difference between a hot spot and a containment zone?
While all hotspots are turned into containment zones, all containment zones are not always hot spots. A hotspot is an area that is identified by the authorities after multiple cases (minimum 6) emerge from that place. The authorities declare some lanes or neighborhoods as containment zone even if it has only one case, but a hotspot is declared after multiple cases emerge.
How will hotspots be managed?
- Strict containment measures will be executed in the hotspot districts.
- Only essential services are to be permitted in these zones and strict perimeter control and strict restrictions on movement will be enforced.
- All health services, including AYUSH, hospitals, nursing homes, clinics, telemedicine facilities, dispensaries, chemists, pharmacies as well as all kinds of medicine shops, Jan Aushadhi Kendras and medical equipment shops, will remain functional.
- Cluster containment strategies will be implemented. This would include geographic quarantine, social distancing measures, enhanced active surveillance, testing all suspected cases, isolation of cases, quarantine of contacts and risk communication to create awareness among the public on preventive public health measures.
- Movement of people will not be allowed in containment zones except for those related with essential services and special teams will search for new cases and samples will be collected and tested as per sampling criteria.
- Special teams have been formed which will work in containment zone and do contact tracing and house-to-house surveys. Cases of fever, cough and breathlessness will be identified in the survey and requisite action will be taken as per protocol.
- Even in those districts which are not infected, community engagement needs to be undertaken to upgrade health infrastructure and dedicated COVID hospitals need to be set up, the official said, adding monitoring and testing of cases with SARI and influenza-like illness (ILI) symptoms need to be done.
Which Districts are included in the list of hot spots?
Among cities that have been declared hotspots are Mumbai, Delhi, Indore, Pune, Visakhapatanam, Chandigarh, Ahmedabad, Faridabad, Srinagar, Bengaluru, Jaipur, Hyderabad, Lucknow, and Agra.
Here is a full list of 170 COVID-19 hotspots as reported by multiple media organisations:
Red Zone Hotspot Districts: 123
- Andhra Pradesh (11 Districts): Kurnool, Guntur, Nellore, Prakasam, Krishna, YSR, West Godavari, Chittoor, Vishakhapatnam, East Godavari, and Anantapur.
- Bihar (1 District): Siwan
- Chandigarh UT (1 District): Chandigarh
- Chhatisgarh (1 District): Korba
- Delhi: (9 Districts): South Delhi, Shahdara, South East, West Delhi, North Delhi, Central Delhi, East Delhi, New Delhi, and South West Delhi
- Gujarat (5 Districts): Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Surat, Bhavnagar, Rajkot
- Haryana (4 Districts): Nuh, Gurgaon, Faridabad, Palwal
- Jammu and Kashmir (6 Districts): Srinagar, Bandipora, Baramulla, Jammu, Udhampur, Kupwara
- Karnataka (3 Districts): Bengaluru Urban, Mysuru, Belagavi
- Kerala (6 Districts): Kasargod, Kannur, Ernakulam, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram, Pathanamthitta
- Madhya Pradesh (5 Districts): Indore, Bhopal, Khargone, Ujjain, Hosangabad
- Maharashtra (11 Districts): Mumbai, Pune, Thane, Nagpur, Sangli, Ahmednagar, Yawatmal, Aurangabad, Buldhana, Mumbai suburban and Nasik
- Odisha (1 District): Khurda
- Punjab (4 Districts): Sasnagar, SBS Nagar, Jalandhar, Pathankot
- Rajasthan (11 Districts): Jaipur, Tonk, Jodhpur, Banswara, Kota, Jhunjhnu, Bhilwara, Jaisalmer, Bikaner, Jhalawar and Bharatpur
- Tamil Nadu (22 Districts): Chennai, Tiruchirapalli, Coimbatore, Erode, Tirunelveli, Dindigul, Villupuram, Namakkal, Theni, Chengalpattu, Tiruppur, Vellore, Madurai, Tuticorin, Karur, Virudhnagar, Kanniyakumari, Cuddalore, Thiruvallur, Thiruvarur, Salem, and Nagapattinam.
- Telangana (8 Districts): Hyderabad, Nizamabad, Warangal Urban, Ranga Reddy, Jogulambagadwal, Medchal Malkajgiri,Karimnagar, and Nirmal.
- Uttar Pradesh (9 Districts): Agra, Gautam Budh Nagar, Meerut, Lucknow, Ghaziabad, Saharanpur, Shamli, Firozabad, and Moradabad
- Uttarkhand (1 District): Dehradun
- West Bengal (4 Districts): Kolkata, Howrah, Purba Medinipur, 24 Paragana North
Hotspot Districts with Clusters: 47
- Andaman and Nicobar (District -1): South Andaman
- Assam (Districts 5): Golaghat, Marigaon, Nalbari, Goalpara, Dhubri
- Bihar (Districts 3): Munger, Begusarai, Gaya
- Chhatisgarh (District 1): Raipur
- Delhi (Districts 1): North West
- Gujarat (District 1): Patan
- Haryana (District 2): Ambala, Karnal
- Himachal Pradesh (Districts 5): Solan, Una, Sirmaur, Chamba, Kangra
- Jammu and Kashmir (Districts 2): Shopian, Rajouri
- Jharkhand (Districts 2): Ranchi, Bokaro
- Karnataka (Districts 5): Dakshin Kannada, Bidar, Kalburgi, Bagalkote, Dharwad
- Kerala (District 1): Wayanad
- Ladakh (District 1): Kargil
- Madhya Pradesh (District 1): Morena
- Maharashtra (Districts 3): Kolapur, Amaravati, Palghar
- Odisha (District 1): Bhadrak
- Punjab (Districts 4): Amritsar, Mansa, Ludhiyana, Moga
- Rajasthan (District 1): Udaipur
- Telangana (District 1): Nalgonda
- UP (Districts 4): Bulandshahar, Sitapur, Basti, Baghpat
- Uttarakhand (Districts 2): Nainital, Udhamsingh Nagar
While we continue to keep you about all the latest happening and developments around Covid-19 situations in India, do let us know how India has be able to fight with this situation compared to other countries. Drop you comments below.
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